St Methodius (826? – 885)
He was born in Thessalonica. With his brother Cyril he went to Moravia to preach the faith. They translated liturgical texts into the Slavonic language and invented the Glagolithic and possibly also the Cyrillic alphabet. After his brother’s death he went to Pannonia, where he was assiduous in the work of evangelization. In the complicated international politics of the time he suffered much from attacks by his enemies, but he was always supported by the Popes. He died on 6 April 885. See the article in Wikipedia and the article on Cyril and Methodius in the Catholic Encyclopaedia.
St Cyril (827? – 869)
He was born in Thessalonica and was educated in Constantinople. With his brother Methodius he went to Moravia to preach the faith. They translated liturgical texts into the Slavonic language and invented the Glagolithic and possibly also the Cyrillic alphabet. They were called back to Rome, where Cyril died on 14 February 869. See the article in Wikipedia and the article on Cyril and Methodius in the Catholic Encyclopaedia.
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Saint. Cyril, Monk, and Methodius, Bishop
Co-Patrons of Europe
(Feast in Europe)
St. Cyril and St. Methodius were brothers from Thessalonica (Greece).
Cyril was born about 826 and died at Rome in 869.
Methodius was born about 815. He was made a bishop and spent many years preaching the gospel in Hungary, despite resistance and hostility. He died in Velehrad (Czech Republic) in 885.
With papal approval they preached the gospel in Moravia using their own translations of the Scriptures and the liturgy in the local language. These translations into Slavonic were based on an alphabet they invented, now called Cyrillic.
Cyril and Methodius are honoured as apostles of the Slavic peoples.